The databaseFor the last few weeks our group has been collecting incidental records of koala sightings in the area of bushland which is contiguous with the vegetation in the vicinity of the proposed Adare motocross track.
We now have 66 records of koala sightings for this area. It may not look like 66 "pins" on the map, but that's because at this scale many pins are hidden behind others.
These sightings are all within 5km of the motocross track, and almost all are within less than 4km. The nearest is only 950 metres from the track.
All of these sightings are in vegetation types that occur on the motocross property and within 20-70 metres of the track. These vegetation types are classified as Bushland Koala Habitat or as Essential Habitat for koalas.
Remember, these are incidental sightings. They are not the result of targeted surveys for koalas. They are sightings that people happened to make while they were doing other things, and which they have some record of. People don't tend to look up in trees when they are working on their land. Even if they do, koalas are pretty cryptically marked. They have colours which tend to blend with the bark of trees and the dark shadows in thick foliage, and they even have lighter patches around their rear ends, so that their silhouette is broken up when seen against the sky from below. Most people never see a koala when they are walking through the bush.
Our data collection is not yet complete. The properties where there are no koala records are almost all ones where we haven't yet tried to collect information or where we don't have access.
The Road-kill ThreatDeath by vehicle strike is among the three greatest threats to koala populations in Southeast Queensland.
Adare Road runs from the big dam just to the right of bottom centre in the map vertically (north) to the entrance to the motocross track. There are more than 30 records of koalas within 250 metres of Adare Road (four of these are of koalas crossing the road, and one is of a dead koala on the road).
Koalas are active at night, and that's when they will be crossing the road. Imagine the number of road-killed koalas there will be if there is motocross traffic on Adare Road four to six nights per week!
Comparison Between Our Data and the Government DatabaseThe WildNet database has been built up by the State government over a number of years. It contains records of wildlife sightings and listings of plants, mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, freshwater fish, sharks and rays, butterflies and other priority invertebrates in Queensland.
The wildlife lists are based on collated species lists and wildlife records from Queensland Government departments and external organisations. The data sources include:
- specimen collections
- research and monitoring programs
- inventory programs including extension activities
- literature records
- wildlife permit returns
- community wildlife recording programs.
It's not that the koalas weren't there before - just that this is a big State and there has never been sufficient resources to carry out the necessary surveys at the scale we need for dealing with local government planning applications.
Ultimately our records will go into the WildNet database and into the privately funded Koala Tracker database.